What are terpenes and why do they matter in CBD?

As if there were not enough terms to learn surrounding CBD let us introduce one more important one: terpenes. Terpenes are chemicals naturally found in many plants that give off noticeable aromas, mostly pleasant. These terpenes are found in resinous oils of plants and play several vital roles in their livelihood. One of the most commonly identified roles is aroma secretion (smells better than it sounds). While you and I may think flowers smell great, these aromas are actually deterrents to keep certain animals from eating them. On the other side, these aromas are also what attracts certain species of insects for pollination which is essential for flowering plants to spread their seeds and ensure the longevity of their species.

Now it is important to note that terpenes will not be found in all types of CBD. Since CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD you will not receive terpenes as you are not getting the benefit of the entire plant. With broad spectrum some terpenes will be present, but for the best terpene experience it is suggested to use full spectrum CBD products. This leads to the entourage effect where call the cannabinoids and terpenes are working together for maximum effect. This is why a lot of customers prefer full spectrum products. They want to experience the maximum impact of CBD.

Benefits of Terpenes

When we inhale these aromas caused by the terpenes it activates receptors in our olfactory system. This intricate system of membranes, nerves, and neuron receptors is what controls our sense of smell. Our olfactory system then talks directly with specific parts of our brain such as the hippocampus, thalamus, hypothalamus, and the amygdala. We’ll spare you the details of how this works, but just know these parts of the brain control emotions, thoughts, memories, and stress regulation. The activation received by the receptors in our brain open all these doors to making sure our body is working in unison and as effectively as it can.

Before the full legalization and growing popularity, CBD terpenes were commonly associated with the essential oils craze that swept the nation the past decade. If you research a lot of the essential oils you will see mention of terpenes and their benefits such as treatment of pain, inflammation, depression and anxiety to name a few. The essential oil diffusers you see commonly in households now are focused on aroma therapy.

Types of Terpenes

There are many types of terpenes. Let’s focus on the most common:

Limonene (AKA d-limonene) is thought to be an anti-depressant that energizes the body. It is known for its fruity and citrus aromas. You can also find limonene in the peels of oranges, lemons, and limes. Further, you find limonene frequently in soaps, shampoos, and lotions. This compound is found in popular CBD flower strains such as Sour Space Candy and Elektra.

Myrcene is a key terpene that enhances the effects of THC (again, entourage effect) in cannabis and hemp. It is thought that myrcene terpenes are anti-inflammatory, anti-pain, and induce sleepiness. It’s fragrance is more earthy, resembles that of cloves. This compound is found in popular CBD flower strains such as Blue Dream and Pure Kush

Beta-caryophyllene terpenes are gastro-protective. They are thought to offer thereapeutic benefits for anti-inflammatory and auto-immune disorders. Basil, cinnamon, cloves, lavender, and reosemary have naturally occurring beta-caryophyllene. This is a more spicy terpene. The smell is reminiscent of fresh cracked pepper. This compound is found in popular CBD flower strains such as Sour Diesel and Candlyland.

Pinene is a terpene that can inhibit enzymes in your brain that can assist with memory retention. Other potential benefits are increased alertness, reduction in skin oils, and mood enhancement. Pinene smells like, you guessed it, pine trees. It is this very aroma that gives evergreen trees their distinct smell. This compound is found in popular CBD flower strains such as OG Kush and Haze Berry.

Here is a helpful chart from Dine Magazine that identifies some of the terpenes we covered and a few additional ones:

Summary

Now you should have a basic understanding of terpenes, where they occur, and the perceived benefits. Just like CBD, terpenes can vary product to product so it is important you know what you are taking. You can learn more about specific terpenes and cannabinoids found in your CBD products by visiting our 3rd party lab tests section of our website and drilling down into products. it is important to note all products will contain terpenes. Products such as Happy Hemp Farmacy and CBDistillery are pure isolates (THC free). You can check out many of the CBD Flower Strains that we mentioned in this Premium Monthly Hemp Flower Box.

** FDA Disclaimer:  The statements enclosed have not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration and are in no way intended to treat or diagnose any physical ailment or disease.**

– Hemp Crate Co

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